The set of behavioral and psychological changes that occur as a direct result of the physiological effects of a substance on the central nervous system is called substance intoxication. People’s perceptions change once they are intoxicated. They may starts seeing and hearing strange things. Their attention is often diminished or they are easily distracted. A disability to think straight happens because their good judgment tends to be gone. Stumbling and slowing of reactions happen because they cannot anymore control their bodies. Hypersomnia or insomnia would then occur. Their interpersonal communications change- they may turn out to be more outgoing than usual, more introverted, or more aggressive and impulsive. People begin to be intoxicated soon after they begin ingesting a substance, and the more they ingest, the more intoxicated they become. The symptoms of intoxication may last for hours or days after the substance is no longer detectable in the body although intoxication begins to decline as the amount of substance in people’s blood or tissue declines .
The type of symptoms people develop is often influenced by the setting in which the substance is taken. The nature of the intoxication as being maladaptive can be influenced by the environment in which people become intoxicated. People who takes in addictive substances only at home may be at less risk for causing harm to themselves or others than are people who typically takes it in at bars and drive home under the influence.
Most people have been intoxicated at sometime in their lives. The diagnosis of substance intoxication is given only when the behavioral and psychological changes the person experiences are significantly maladaptive in that they cause substantial disruption in the person’s social and family relationships, cause occupational or financial problems, or place the individual at significant risk for adverse effects, such as traffic accidents, severe medical complications, or legal problems.
Substance intoxication can be very dangerous because there is a higher rate for it to start big problems. It is important when one starts to see signs that an individual is having substance intoxication, he or she should react quickly. When you want to save that particular person from the dangers of substance intoxication, one should be prepared to know about drug rehab. To help get better from substance intoxication, drug rehab uses many different methods. Cognitive treatments is one of them. Cognitive treatments help addicted individuals to clear out the individual’s way of thinking that substances will aid them to cope better in any hard situations. A change in the cognitive vision about these substances would be confronted by specialists which would then paved the way to helping these individuals change the way they think. Also, as part of drug rehab, there is the so-called behavioral treatment. To help substance addicted individual to recover, behavioral treatment uses aversive classical conditioning . Also, part of behavioral way of treatment is the covert sensitization therapy. The using of imagery that will create a link to the thoughts of using substances and the high unpleasant outcome after using it is how the system of covert sensitization therapy works. On a different way of treatment, there is the so called biological treatment where a specialist would prescribe a certain drug to counter the effects of the substance being used.
Getting to know substance intoxication and drug rehab is very important because if one is not properly informed, he or she may experience dangerous consequences as a result of an individual taking in addictive substances.