One of the highly addictive substances known is the white powder extracted from the coca plant popularly known as cocaine. People can snort the powder, which causes its effects on the brain to be felt quickly, or dissolve the powder in water and inject it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This freebase cocaine is more potent. It is often smoked in a water pipe or is combined in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. Crack is a form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked.
The nucleus accumbens and the ventral tegmental area are the parts of the brain being activated by cocaine. These parts of the brain are known to register the feelings of pleasure and reward. Normally, when a pleasurable event occurs, dopamine is released into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses. A pleasurable feeling is maintained when the dopamine is accumulated in the synapse when cocaine is taken in because cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron .
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. Users often do not feel drugged. A feeling of becoming the person they always wanted to be happens instead. When taken at high doses or chronically, however, cocaine leads to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia. After stopping the use of the substance, users may feel exhausted and depressed and may sleep a great deal. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Many cocaine abusers and dependents started with heavy alcohol or marijuana use and then graduated to harder substances, including cocaine. The extraordinarily fast and strong effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to make this substance more likely than most illegal substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even among people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rising of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. One of the best ways to get rid of the problems brought by cocaine addicted is through letting the cocaine addict to go through a drug rehab. The consequence of the numerous drug rehab centers sprouting has been possible because of the continual rise of cocaine addiction. Victims of cocaine dependency and addiction is being helped by several established treatment and drug rehab programs. Medical treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapies are being provided to these patients. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency do not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. The treatment goes further as teaching the patient a life free from drugs. Opening how the addiction came about are also being tackled as part of other treatment programs all for the abolishing of cocaine addiction. This is attributed to the fact that there are cases where in physical and sexual abuse have been associated to drug dependency. When people couldn’t seem to handle such stressful events, they tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience, which is craving for the euphoric feeling given by drugs.
Drug rehab is very potent to solve the problems of cocaine addiction.