There are four substance-related conditions recognized by experts. Substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence are the four recognized substance-related conditions. These conditions can be identified by varied criteria. Also, these situations are manifested in the context of the substances most frequently linked to them. The following categories are grouped by substances:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
Central nervous system depressants directly affect the central nervous system which produces the symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment. Central nervous system stimulants activate the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures. Opioids causes euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures and can be highly addictive. Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) produce perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence. Meanwhile, cannabis creates a high feeling, cognitive and motor impairments, and in some people, hallucinogenic effects. Intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence can occur with most, although not all, of these substances.
There are many other substances used for intoxicating effects that more rarely lead to substance-related-disorders. Muscle relaxants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, antidepressant medications, lead, rat poisons with strychnine, pesticides, nerve gas, antifreeze, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are some example of these substances. There are some people who might experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when taking in these substances although mostly, these kind of substances gives no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects. These people may be given the diagnosis of other substance-related disorder.
Whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated, one should readily be wary. Intoxication is already alarming because if not quickly attended to can lead withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence. However, when circumstances happen that intoxication has not been attended to and has lead to abuse and dependence, there is drug rehab to help you deal with it.
Drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from a disorder in order to function well again. Whenever drug addiction is present, drug rehab is one of the most important processes to consider. Drug rehab is very useful to help drug dependent individuals. Drug abusers and drug dependents can be helped by the different methods of drug rehab. Drug rehabilitation uses different techniques in order to do such helping. One can get a dose of drug rehab help in many places. One can consult the local and medical psychiatric societies. One can also visit one’s university medical affiliated programs which are often hospital affiliated. There is also a much better way to help an individual regarding his or her search for drug rehab. Health maintenance organizations are one of the places where one can join. One has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee when one decides to join a health maintenance organization. Whenever things go wrong, one will have the assurance.
Substance-related disorders produces many negative effects that is why it is important to know drug rehab.